Brief Guide on How to Import from Turkey to EU and the US

Brief Guide on How to Import from Turkey to EU and the US

It's possible that importing from Turkey is more profitable than you realize. You can import a wide variety of items. Transportation equipment, textiles, machinery, agricultural goods, and many raw materials were among the most frequently imported items from Turkey. Importing from Turkey has become even more profitable after the Turkish lira's depreciation in 2018. Imports from Turkey to the United States totalled $10.3 billion in 2018. Turkey's imports to the European Union totalled 69.8 billion euros in 2019. When it comes to the question of “How to import from Turkey?”, there are couple of requirements you need to meet.

Despite the fact that Turkey is not a member of the EU, it joined the European Union Customs Union in 1995. In most circumstances, importers from Turkey to the EU do not have to pay customs fees. You can find the detailed information like custom codes and fees on  TARIC – Integrated Tariff of the European Communities website. Since agricultural, coal, and steel goods are not covered by  Ankara Association Agreement, the situation may become more problematic. Bilateral trade concessions agreements control them. As a result, it's important double-checking if you will have to pay customs on your imported goods.

Needed Documents and VAT – EU
You need an invoice and a packing list while importing from Turkey to EU and to go through customs. A certificate of origin or additional papers, such as a certificate of conformity, may be required in some cases. You must also have paperwork showing the privileged status of products when importing from Turkey. If you do not have them, you may be obliged to pay customs based on duty rates for third country items. The EUR.1 certificate, the EUR-MED certificate, or an invoice statement are required for most agricultural goods and all items derived from coal or steel. The A. TR. Movement Certificate is required to import or export all other sorts of items. 
Even if you are not required to pay customs owing to the EU Customs Union, you are still required to pay a value-added tax. You must assess its worth on a case-by-case basis. VAT is calculated differently in different countries and on different types of items.


Needed Documents and VAT – USA
The Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) codes are used in the United States, and they can be accessed on the official website. Commercial invoices and bills of lading or air waybills are still required for shipments from Turkey to the United States. You may need other paperwork depending on the type of items you import. A Certificate of Origin, Control Certifications (for animals, animal products, and certain plants), import permits, phytosanitary certificates, and other documents may be required. More detailed information regarding what kind of  documents needed while importing from Turkey to the US you may check the US government website.

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